Excerpted from Capital Ideas
In Private Equity, Does the Past Predict the Future?
For decades, conventional wisdom has dictated that smart investors should put money with private-equity managers who have previously run successful funds. But the research supporting this largely considers data from before 2000, and much has changed in the market since then.
Is the conventional wisdom still good? Research suggests it is - with some caveats.
Steven Neil Kaplan, Neubauer Family Distinguished Service Professor of Entrepreneurship and Finance, studied private-equity funds from 1984 to 2008 to see if partnerships produced a consistent track record, even across different funds. Along with Robert S. Harris from the University of Virginia, and Tim Jenkinson and Ruediger Stucke from the University of Oxford, Kaplan considered two types of private-equity investments: venture-capital funds, which invest in early-stage companies, and buyout funds, which acquire equity in more mature companies. Their findings are published in a working paper, "Has Persistence Persisted in Private Equity? Evidence From Buyout and Venture Capital Funds."
While the results confirm that the conventional wisdom proved solid advice prior to 2000, the economists find the evidence is mixed for the years following.
In the case of venture-capital-fund partnerships, performance persistence did continue. For the entire timeline the researchers considered, partnerships that had previously run a venture fund in the top quartile of performance were likely to run a second venture fund that was also a top-quartile performer - partners that had run a top performer ran another top performer more than 48 percent of the time.
Meanwhile, partnerships that had run a venture fund in the bottom performance quartile had a follow-up fund crack the top quartile only 15 percent of the time.
When venture-fund partnerships had run two previous funds, evidence of performance persistence was even stronger. For partners who had run a top-quartile fund two funds ago, 67 percent performed above the median.
The data tell a different story for buyout funds, where the researchers find that performance persistence fell after 2000. Partnerships that had run a top-quartile fund went on to run another top-quartile fund 22 percent of the time - almost the same percentage as partnerships that had previously run a bottom-quartile fund.
Additionally, the data show that the performance of the second previous fund did little to predict performance of the current fund across the entire sample, and did nothing at all after 2000.
Ultimately, the research provides evidence that conventional wisdom still holds for venture-capital funds, but less so for buyout funds.
At the same time, the research also questions another traditional adage, that only private-equity investors with previous funds in the top quartile will outperform the stock market, after fees. The research team finds that for buyout funds, from 1984 to 2008, "returns for partnerships in all previous fund quartiles, including the bottom, exceed those of public markets as measured by the S&P 500." This has been true for funds raised before and after 2000. Once again, the conventional wisdom holds truer for venture funds. Only venture funds with previous funds in the top two performance quartiles outperformed the S&P 500 both before and after 2000.–Robin Mordfin
Photo by Dustin Whitehead